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Scientific Technology and Education
  Scientific technology. Harbin has strong comprehensive power in scientific technology, ranking the leading place in the large and middle cities all over the country. In 2006, Harbin ranked the 9th in scientific and technological innovation ability in the ranking of scientific and technological competitiveness among 50 cities all over the country. And the amount of scientific and technological achievements ranked the sixth in the whole country. At present, the research and development system with the scientific and technological power of universities, institutions and large factories as the main body, supplemented by the local scientific and technological power, has been formed, providing strong intelligent support for the coordinated development of the economy and society of the whole city. Harbin boasts 28 academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and Chinese Academy of Engineering, including 1 academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and 27 academicians of the Chinese Academy of Engineering. The technological innovation system with enterprises as the main body has been basically formed up to now.. In 2008, there were 131 scientific research institutions in the whole city, 7 established enterprise technology centers at national level and 27 established centers at provincial level. A total of 45,000 people were engaged in scientific research, including 36,000 engineers.

  The technological level of Harbin Welding Institute, Harbin Veterinary Research Institute, the 49th Research Institute, Institute of Engineering Mechanics, 703 Research Institute and the other Research Institutes ranks the leading place of the whole country. These Research Institutes have strong research and development ability, contributing a lot to the success of many major scientific and technological projects such as “Shenzhou” series of spacecrafts. In addition, 21 important laboratories in the fields of airplane engines, bearings, admeasuring apparatuses, air-conditioners, motors, turbines, environmental protection and oxygen generation, and pharmaceuticals have reached the leading level of China.

  Education Service. Harbin thoroughly implements the policy of “using culture to support the development of the city”, and the education service has been developing stably. By the end of 2008, there were altogether 20 organizations which can cultivate postgraduates in the whole city, with 45,000 enrolled graduate students. There were 48 regular universities, with 61,5000 enrolled students. There were 16 institutions of higher education for adults, with 31000 enrolled students. There were 26 secondary specialized schools, with 41,000 enrolled students. As for regular education, there were 140 senior middle schools, 463 junior middle schools and 2,106 primary schools. The attendance rate of nine-year compulsory education has reached 99.8% in Harbin.

  The universities such as Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin Engineering University (formerly Harbin Military Engineering College) enjoy great reputation at home and abroad, and have cultivated a large number of excellent scientific and technological talents for the science and technology service of national defense, contributing to the national defense and aerospace industry.