Harbin is an area inhabited by several ethnic minorities, characterized by large distribution and small concentration. There are 47 ethnic minorities such as Manchu, Chaoxian Nationality, Hui Nationality, Mongolian Nationality, Xibe Nationality, Dahaner Nationality, Ewenke Nationality, Elunchun Nationality, Keerkezi Nationality, Hezhe Nationality, etc. in the whole city.
Among the 47 ethnic minorities, the population of Manchu is the largest. Manchu is a diligent and brave nationality, living to the north of the Changbai Mountain, in the middle and down reaches of Heilongjiang River, and in the vast area of Wusuli River system. It plays an important role in the history of our country.
Having immigrated since the beginning of this century, Chaoxian Nationality has overcome various adversities with unswerving spirit, contributing a lot to revolution and construction.
The main reasons and means for Hui Nationality to move into Harbin area are immigration, exile, trading and living. Since liberation, Hui people unify and cooperate with other nationalities to help each other and develop together, writing a new chapter of national unity.
The ancestors of Mongolian Nationality are nomadic race. Because of such reasons as working and studying, they began to move to live in Harbin They, together with other nationalities, have actively contributed to the unification and development of various nationalities in our city.
Xibe Nationality is a northern indigenous race, with it own language. In the early time, they depended on fishing and hunting to make a living. They have made their own brilliant achievements and excellent culture with diligent work and rich intelligence.
Nowadays, the various nationalities in Harbin have set up good racial relationship characterized by “equality, unification, mutual help, development”, contributing a lot to the harmonious development of the economic society in Harbin.
The religions in Harbin are diverse. Buddhism and Taoism have a long history. Since modern times, along with the ceaseless introduction of western culture, Islam, Christianity, Catholicism and Orthodox have begun to be propagated here.
Buddhism was spread in Harbin from Jinxizong times (1135-1148). In 1924, Ji Le Temple was completed and became the center of Buddhism activities. At present, there are more than 20 open temples in the city.
Taoism was introduced into Harbin area more than 800 years ago. Haiyun Taoist Temple on the Songfeng Mountain in Acheng is the earliest Taoist Temple of Harbin. There are many open Taoist Temples such as Shengqing and Haiyun Taoist Temple, which are all Quanzhenjiao.
According to the historical documents, Islam was introduced into Harbin in Qing Qianlong period. The main large-scale religious activities are held in the Mosque in Daowai district.
Catholicism was introduced into Harbin along with the construction of Chinese Eastern Railway between the late 19th and the early 20th Century. At present, there are over 20 places for Catholicism activities.
Christianity was introduced into Harbin in about the mid-19th century. At present, there are over 200 places for Christianity activities.
Orthodox was introduced into Harbin over 110 years ago. On October 14th, 1984, Protection of the Virgin Church, Orthodox recovered religious activities.
Various religions developed splendidly, and eastern and western cultures gain a thorough understanding and inclusiveness, forming a free and open cultural feature in Harbin.